Igbo Religion Essay
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So, why does Nigeria enjoy slaughtering its golden geese? Why kill them? There is a story behind every saying that is classified wise. You have heard about killing the goose that lays the golden egg. It is a story of gluttonous stupidity. There was once a man whose only possession was a goose. It was his lifeline. He picked it and sold it and enjoyed the good money it brought. Every day from that day, he went to the nest and picked his gold, went to the market and came back a rich man. He soon became stupendously wealthy beyond the possibilities of his environment. Then, he thought of a quicker way of multiplying his riches.
Enough of picking and pocketing one lonely golden egg per day. He took a long look at the goose and wondered how many millions of golden eggs would be in the belly of the bird. If he could get all the golden eggs in one day, he would be fulfilled as a truly wealthy man. The big man seized the goose and cut open its belly for a golden harvest of eggs. To his horror, there was no egg, golden or ungolden, anywhere in there. He scrambled to bring back from the dead the goose laying the golden eggs for him. It was futile; the bird of gold was gone forever. Except the other parts of Nigeria live in denial and self-deceit, we should know that every Ibo man is already out of Nigeria in soul and spirit.
That is what you saw demonstrated on the deserted streets of Owerri last Thursday, September 9, when the president of Nigeria visited. It was a very sad, loud requiem to a nation at war with them. And it happened because there are always options for the maltreated goose that lays the golden egg. Never take it for granted. In July , I wrote here on trending photographs online of a monkey holding onto a distressed puppy in Rode, India. The monkey is no fool, he has his own logic and sense of justice and care. And he serves these in the right measure at the appropriate time. The president visited Imo State and he met completely empty streets!
He should be worried — and worried. In spite of the huge investment in the water sector by the government and international organisations, water scarcity has grown to become a perennial nightmare for residents of Abeokuta, the Ogun State capital. This report x-rays the lives and experiences of residents in getting clean, potable and affordable water amidst the surge of COVID cases in the state…. The Lagos-Ibadan railway was inaugurated recently for a full paid operation by the Nigerian Railway Corporation after about a year of free test-run. The action taken by Christians against Jews included acts of violence, and murder culminating in the Holocaust. Pope John Paul II and the Catholic Church have "upheld the Church's acceptance of the continuing and permanent election of the Jewish people" as well as a reaffirmation of the covenant between God and the Jews.
Both Judaism and Islam track their origins from the patriarch Abraham , and they are therefore considered Abrahamic religions. In both Jewish and Muslim tradition, the Jewish and Arab peoples are descended from the two sons of Abraham— Isaac and Ishmael , respectively. While both religions are monotheistic and share many commonalities, they differ based on the fact that Jews do not consider Jesus or Muhammad to be prophets. The religions' adherents have interacted with each other since the 7th century when Islam originated and spread in the Arabian peninsula. Non-Muslim monotheists living in these countries, including Jews, were known as dhimmis.
Dhimmis were allowed to practice their own religions and administer their own internal affairs, but they were subject to certain restrictions that were not imposed on Muslims. For example, dhimmis in some countries were required to wear distinctive clothing , a practice not found in either the Qur'an or the hadiths but invented in early medieval Baghdad and inconsistently enforced. At times, Jews were also restricted in their choice of residence—in Morocco , for example, Jews were confined to walled quarters mellahs beginning in the 15th century and increasingly since the early 19th century.
In the midth century, Jews were expelled from nearly all of the Arab countries. Today, antisemitic themes including Holocaust denial have become commonplace in the propaganda of Islamic movements such as Hizbullah and Hamas , in the pronouncements of various agencies of the Islamic Republic of Iran , and even in the newspapers and other publications of Refah Partisi. There are some movements in other religions that include elements of Judaism. Among Christianity these are a number of denominations of ancient and contemporary Judaizers. The most well-known of these is Messianic Judaism , a religious movement, which arose in the s,     -In this, elements of the messianic traditions in Judaism,   are incorporated in, and melded with the tenets of Christianity.
Other examples of syncretism include Semitic neopaganism , a loosely organized sect which incorporates pagan or Wiccan beliefs with some Jewish religious practices; Jewish Buddhists , another loosely organized group that incorporates elements of Asian spirituality in their faith; and some Renewal Jews who borrow freely and openly from Buddhism , Sufism , Native American religions, and other faiths.
The Kabbalah Centre , which employs teachers from multiple religions, is a New Age movement that claims to popularize the kabbalah , part of the Jewish esoteric tradition. See also Torah database for links to more Judaism e-texts. Text study projects at Wikisource. In many instances, the Hebrew versions of these projects are more fully developed than the English. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Abrahamic monotheistic ethnic religion of the Jewish people. This article is about the Jewish religion. For consideration of ethnic, historic and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity, see Jews.
Judaica clockwise from top : Shabbat candlesticks, handwashing cup , Chumash and Tanakh , Torah pointer , shofar and etrog. Tanakh Torah Nevi'im Ketuvim. Important figures. Religious roles. Culture and education. Ritual objects. Major holidays. Other religions. Related topics. Further information: God in Judaism. Main article: Jewish principles of faith. I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, Blessed be His Name, is One, and that there is no unity in any manner like His, and that He alone is our God, who was, and is, and will be.
I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, Blessed be His Name, has no body, and that He is free from all the properties of matter, and that there can be no physical comparison to Him whatsoever. I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, Blessed be His Name, is the first and the last. I believe with perfect faith that to the Creator, Blessed be His Name, and to Him alone, it is right to pray, and that it is not right to pray to any being besides Him. I believe with perfect faith that all the words of the prophets are true. I believe with perfect faith that the prophecy of Moses our teacher, peace be upon him , was true, and that he was the chief of the prophets, both those who preceded him and those who followed him.
I believe with perfect faith that the entire Torah that is now in our possession is the same that was given to Moses our teacher, peace be upon him. I believe with perfect faith that this Torah will not be exchanged and that there will never be any other Torah from the Creator, Blessed be His Name. I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, Blessed be His Name, knows all the deeds of human beings and all their thoughts, as it is written, "Who fashioned the hearts of them all, Who comprehends all their actions" Psalms I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, Blessed be His Name, rewards those who keep His commandments and punishes those that transgress them. I believe with perfect faith in the coming of the Messiah ; and even though he may tarry, nonetheless, I wait every day for his coming.
I believe with perfect faith that there will be a revival of the dead at the time when it shall please the Creator, Blessed be His name, and His mention shall be exalted for ever and ever. Main article: Halakha. Main article: Jewish philosophy. A law that clearly expresses the purpose it was meant to serve will also apply to other situations where the identical purpose may be served. When a general rule is followed by illustrative particulars, only those particulars are to be embraced by it. A law that begins with specifying particular cases, and then proceeds to an all-embracing generalization, is to be applied to particulars cases not specified but logically falling into the same generalization.
A law that begins with a generalization as to its intended applications, then continues with the specification of particular cases, and then concludes with a restatement of the generalization, can be applied only to the particular cases specified. The rules about a generalization being followed or preceded by specifying particulars rules 4 and 5 will not apply if it is apparent that the specification of the particular cases or the statement of the generalization is meant purely for achieving a greater clarity of language.
A particular case already covered in a generalization that is nevertheless treated separately suggests that the same particularized treatment be applied to all other cases which are covered in that generalization. A penalty specified for a general category of wrongdoing is not to be automatically applied to a particular case that is withdrawn from the general rule to be specifically prohibited, but without any mention of the penalty. A general prohibition followed by a specified penalty may be followed by a particular case, normally included in the generalization, with a modification in the penalty, either toward easing it or making it more severe.
A case logically falling into a general law but treated separately remains outside the provisions of the general law except in those instances where it is specifically included in them. Obscurities in Biblical texts may be cleared up from the immediate context or from subsequently occurring passages Contradictions in Biblical passages may be removed through the mediation of other passages. Main article: Who is a Jew? Main article: Jewish population by country. Main article: Jewish religious movements. See also: Sephardic law and customs. Main article: Religion in Israel. See also: Haymanot and Beta Israel.
Further information: Noahidism. Main article: Jewish ethics. Main article: Jewish prayer. Further information: Jewish religious clothing , kippah , tzitzit , and tefillin. Main article: Jewish holiday. Main article: Shabbat. Main article: Shalosh regalim. Main article: High Holidays. Main article: Purim. Main article: Hanukkah. Main article: Torah reading. Main article: Synagogue. Main article: Kashrut. Main article: Tumah. Main article: Niddah. See also: Women in Judaism. Main article: Jewish history. This section is about the history of Judaism. For the book on Ancient Judaism, see Ancient Judaism book. Main article: Origins of Judaism.
Further information: Ancient Canaanite religion and Ancient Semitic religion. Main articles: Persecution of Jews , Antisemitism , and History of antisemitism. Main article: Hasidic Judaism. Main articles: Haskalah and Jewish religious movements. Main article: Christianity and Judaism. See also: Christianity and antisemitism and Christian—Jewish reconciliation. Main article: Islam and Judaism. Main article: Criticism of Judaism. Judaism portal Religion portal. New York. Retrieved 26 July Berman Jewish DataBank. Retrieved 22 June Retrieved 19 November In Singer, Isidore ; et al. The Jewish Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 27 August Retrieved 22 November World Jewish Population, Report. Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 21 October Daniel J. The Demographics of Jewish Religious Identification".
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved 20 September Pew Research Center. Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 7 November Retrieved 22 August Modern Judaism. ISSN JSTOR S2CID Can We Excommunicate God? The Eternal Dissident. Rabbi Leonard I. Beerman and the Radical Imperative to Think and Act 1 ed. University of California Press. ISBN JSTOR j. Retrieved 27 November Jewish Social Studies.
Indiana University Press. Jewish Political Studies Review. ISSN X. History of Judaism. The Evolving World. Harvard University Press. Markus Wiener Publishers. Zeitlin The Historical Muhammad. Medding, Values, interests and identity: Jews and politics in a changing world , Volume 11 of Studies in contemporary Jewry, Oxford University Press, , p. Berman Jewish Data Bank, Number 26, Retrieved 17 August Sheskin eds. Dordrecht: Springer, Jewish Virtual Library. Understanding Genesis. Schocken Books. The Blackwell companion to Judaism.
No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. The whole land of Canaan, where you are now an alien, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God;" Gen. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, and through your offspring, all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.
New York: Bloch Publishing Company. For example: King Solomon's "wives turned away his heart after other gods…[and he] did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD" elaborated in 1 Melachim —10 ; King Ahab "went and served Baal, and worshiped him…And Ahab made the Asherah [a pagan place of worship]; and Ahab did yet more to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, than all the kings of Israel that were before him" 1 Melachim —33 ; the prophet Isaiah condemns the people who "prepare a table for [the idol] Fortune, and that offer mingled wine in full measure unto [the idol] Destiny" Yeshaiahu — The Jewish roots of Christological monotheism: papers from the St.
Andrews conference on the historical origins of the worship of Jesus. Retrieved 19 November — via ResearchGate. My Jewish Learning. Normative Judaism? Jews, Judaism and Jewish Identity. Gorgias press. Alfacher, Rosh Amanah. However if he rejects one of these fundamentals he leaves the nation and is a denier of the fundamentals and is called a heretic, a denier, etc. Aish HaTorah. Eisenberg The JPS guide to Jewish traditions. Jewish Publication Society. The concept of "dogma" is…not a basic idea in Judaism. Mechon Mamre. The closest that anyone has ever come to creating a widely accepted list of Jewish beliefs is Maimonides' thirteen principles of faith.
Archived from the original on 18 September The word " emunah " has been translated incorrectly by the King James Bible as merely "belief" or "faith", when in actuality, it means conviction , which is a much more emphatic knowledge of God based on experience. San Translation available here . Textual Analysis. Filozofia kultury. Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations in America. Archived from the original on 19 February Retrieved 5 June The AishDas Society. New York: Hebrew Publishing Company. InterVarsity Press.
A radical Jew: Paul and the politics of identity. Berkeley: University of California Press. LCCN Retrieved 15 June Paul was motivated by a Hellenistic desire for the One, which among other things produced an ideal of a universal human essence, beyond difference and hierarchy. This universal humanity, however, was predicated and still is on the dualism of the flesh and the spirit, such that while the body is particular, marked through practice as Jew or Greek, and through anatomy as male or female, the spirit is universal. Paul did not, however, reject the body—as did, for instance, the gnostics—but rather promoted a system whereby the body had its place, albeit subordinated to the spirit. Paul's anthropological dualism was matched by a hermeneutical dualism as well.
Just as the human being is divided into a fleshy and a spiritual component, so also is language itself. It is composed of outer, material signs and inner, spiritual significations. When this is applied to the religious system that Paul inherited, the physical, fleshy signs of the Torah, of historical Judaism, are re-interpreted as symbols of that which Paul takes to be universal requirements and possibilities for humanity. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. Jewishness disrupts the very categories of identity, because it is not national, not genealogical, not religious, but all of these, in dialectical tension with one another.
What is a Jew? New York: Touchstone. ISBN X. What Makes Someone a Jew? Woodstock, Vermont: Jewish Lights Publishing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 22 October Contemporary American Reform Responsa. Retrieved 28 September Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 9 January Archived from the original on 24 December Birth, Death, and Femininity: Philosophies of Embodiment.
A Modern Approach to a Living Halachah. Masorti World. Archived from the original on 13 July The Torah is an emanation of God…This conception does not mean, for us, that the process of revelation consisted of dictation by God. We therefore understand this term as a metaphor to mean that the Torah is divine and that it reflects God's will. Wayne State University Press. Accessed Israel Jewish Scene. Archived from the original on 9 April Retrieved 9 April Retrieved 15 May Jerusalem Post. August It is also the most quintessentially "treif" of animals, with its name being nearly synonymous with non-kosher…Although far from alone in the litany of non-kosher animals, the pig seems to stand in a class of its own.
Archived from the original PDF on 22 December Lichtenshtein M. Archived from the original on 17 March Women and water: menstruation in Jewish life and law. Brandeis University Press. Jewish Encyclopedia. Karesh; Mitchell M. Hurvitz Encyclopedia of Judaism. Infobase Publishing. The Sadducees disappeared when the second Temple was destroyed in the year 70 C. E and Pharisaic Judaism became the preeminent Jewish sect. History, religion, and antisemitism.
How and Why Did Hasidism Spread? The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Archived from the original PDF on 9 January Retrieved 1 January Cambridge University Press. In Marx's analysis, the "secular state" is not opposed to religion, but rather assumes it. The removal of religious or property qualifications for citizenship does not mean the abolition of religion or property, but rather naturalizes both and introduces a way of regarding individuals in abstraction from them.
Werner Sombart praised Jews for their capitalism and presented the seventeenth—eighteenth century court Jews as integrated and a model for integration. The Dreyfus Affair in France, believed to be evidence of anti-semitism, increased the prominence of this issue. Within the religious and political elite, some continued to favor assimilation and political engagement in Europe [ citation needed ] while others, such as Theodore Herzl , proposed the advancement of a separate Jewish state and the Zionist cause.
In Nazi Germany , the term Jewish Question in German : Judenfrage referred to the belief that the existence of Jews in Germany posed a problem for the state. In two Nazi theorists, Johann von Leers and Achim Gercke , both proposed the idea that the Jewish Question could be solved by resettling Jews in Madagascar or resettling them somewhere else in Africa or South America. They also discussed the pros and cons of supporting the German Zionists. Von Leers asserted that establishing a Jewish homeland in Mandatory Palestine would create humanitarian and political problems for the region. Upon achieving power in , Adolf Hitler and the Nazi state began to implement increasingly severe measures that were aimed at segregating and ultimately removing the Jewish people from Germany and eventually all of Europe.
Nazi propaganda was produced in order to manipulate the public, the most notable examples of which were based on the writings of people such as Eugen Fischer , Fritz Lenz and Erwin Baur in Foundations of Human Heredity Teaching and Racial Hygiene. In occupied France , the collaborationist regime established its own Institute for studying the Jewish Questions. A "Jewish problem" was euphemistically discussed in some European settler states, even as the Holocaust was in progress.
American military officer and celebrity Charles A. Lindbergh used the phrase repeatedly in public speeches and writing. Lindbergh , he wrote . It is difficult for me to understand Flynn's attitude. He feels as strongly as I do that the Jews are among the major influences pushing this country toward war. He has said so frequently and he says so now. He is perfectly willing to talk about it among a small group of people in private. A dominant anti-Semitic conspiracy theory is the belief that Jewish people have undue influence over the media, banking and politics. Based on this conspiracy theory, certain groups and activists discuss the "Jewish Question" and offer different proposals to address it. In the early 21st century, white nationalists , alt-righters , and neo-Nazis have used the initialism JQ in order to refer to the Jewish question.
The state abolishes, in its own way, distinctions of birth, social rank, education, occupation, when it declares that birth, social rank, education, occupation, are non-political distinctions, when it proclaims, without regard to these distinctions, that every member of the nation is an equal participant in national sovereignty, when it treats all elements of the real life of the nation from the standpoint of the state. Nevertheless, the state allows private property, education, occupation, to act in their way — i. Far from abolishing these real distinctions, the state only exists on the presupposition of their existence; it feels itself to be a political state and asserts its universality only in opposition to these elements of its being.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Debate about the status of Jews in Europe. For the book, see The Jewish Question. For other uses, see Jewish question disambiguation. Part of Jewish history and discrimination. Antisemitic canards. Antisemitic publications. Antisemitism on the Internet. Prominent figures. For the question "who is a Jew", see who is a Jew? Further information: History of the Jews in Europe. In Auerbach, Rena R.