Magnetic Field Present Lab Report

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Magnetic Field Present Lab Report

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Modern interest in the concept stems from particle theories , notably the grand unified and superstring theories, which predict their existence. Magnetism in bar magnets and electromagnets is not caused by magnetic monopoles, and indeed, there is no known experimental or observational evidence that magnetic monopoles exist. Some condensed matter systems contain effective non-isolated magnetic monopole quasi-particles , [5] or contain phenomena that are mathematically analogous to magnetic monopoles. Many early scientists attributed the magnetism of lodestones to two different "magnetic fluids" "effluvia" , a north-pole fluid at one end and a south-pole fluid at the other, which attracted and repelled each other in analogy to positive and negative electric charge.

Gauss's law for magnetism , one of Maxwell's equations , is the mathematical statement that magnetic monopoles do not exist. Nevertheless, Pierre Curie pointed out in [9] that magnetic monopoles could conceivably exist, despite not having been seen so far. The quantum theory of magnetic charge started with a paper by the physicist Paul Dirac in Since Dirac's paper, several systematic monopole searches have been performed. Experiments in [12] and [13] produced candidate events that were initially interpreted as monopoles, but are now regarded as inconclusive. Further advances in theoretical particle physics , particularly developments in grand unified theories and quantum gravity , have led to more compelling arguments detailed below that monopoles do exist.

Joseph Polchinski , a string-theorist, described the existence of monopoles as "one of the safest bets that one can make about physics not yet seen". Some condensed matter systems propose a structure superficially similar to a magnetic monopole, known as a flux tube. The ends of a flux tube form a magnetic dipole , but since they move independently, they can be treated for many purposes as independent magnetic monopole quasiparticles.

Since , numerous news reports from the popular media [16] [17] have incorrectly described these systems as the long-awaited discovery of the magnetic monopoles, but the two phenomena are only superficially related to one another. All matter isolated to date, including every atom on the periodic table and every particle in the Standard Model , has zero magnetic monopole charge. Therefore, the ordinary phenomena of magnetism and magnets do not derive from magnetic monopoles. Instead, magnetism in ordinary matter is due to two sources. Second, many elementary particles have an intrinsic magnetic moment , the most important of which is the electron magnetic dipole moment , which is related to its quantum-mechanical spin.

Mathematically, the magnetic field of an object is often described in terms of a multipole expansion. This is an expression of the field as the sum of component fields with specific mathematical forms. The first term in the expansion is called the monopole term, the second is called dipole , then quadrupole , then octupole , and so on. Any of these terms can be present in the multipole expansion of an electric field , for example. However, in the multipole expansion of a magnetic field, the "monopole" term is always exactly zero for ordinary matter. A magnetic monopole, if it exists, would have the defining property of producing a magnetic field whose monopole term is non-zero. A magnetic dipole is something whose magnetic field is predominantly or exactly described by the magnetic dipole term of the multipole expansion.

The term dipole means two poles , corresponding to the fact that a dipole magnet typically contains a north pole on one side and a south pole on the other side. This is analogous to an electric dipole , which has positive charge on one side and negative charge on the other. However, an electric dipole and magnetic dipole are fundamentally quite different. In an electric dipole made of ordinary matter, the positive charge is made of protons and the negative charge is made of electrons , but a magnetic dipole does not have different types of matter creating the north pole and south pole.

Instead, the two magnetic poles arise simultaneously from the aggregate effect of all the currents and intrinsic moments throughout the magnet. Because of this, the two poles of a magnetic dipole must always have equal and opposite strength, and the two poles cannot be separated from each other. Maxwell's equations of electromagnetism relate the electric and magnetic fields to each other and to the motions of electric charges. The standard equations provide for electric charges, but they posit no magnetic charges. Except for this difference, the equations are symmetric under the interchange of the electric and magnetic fields.

Fully symmetric Maxwell's equations can also be written if one allows for the possibility of "magnetic charges" analogous to electric charges. The extended Maxwell's equations are as follows, in Gaussian cgs units: [23]. For all other definitions and details, see Maxwell's equations. For the equations in nondimensionalized form, remove the factors of c. Maxwell's equations then take the following forms using the same notation above : [notes 2]. Maxwell's equations in the language of tensors makes Lorentz covariance clear. The generalized equations are: [25] [26]. For a particle having only electric charge, one can express its field using a four-potential , according to the standard covariant formulation of classical electromagnetism :.

However, this formula is inadequate for a particle that has both electric and magnetic charge, and we must add a term involving another potential A m. This formula for the fields is often called the Cabibbo —Ferrari relation, though Shanmugadhasan proposed it earlier. The generalized Maxwell's equations possess a certain symmetry, called a duality transformation. The fields and charges after this transformation still obey the same Maxwell's equations. The matrix is a two-dimensional rotation matrix.

Because of the duality transformation, one cannot uniquely decide whether a particle has an electric charge, a magnetic charge, or both, just by observing its behavior and comparing that to Maxwell's equations. The key empirical fact is that all particles ever observed have the same ratio of magnetic charge to electric charge. Since this is the case, a duality transformation can be made that sets this ratio at zero, so that all particles have no magnetic charge. This choice underlies the "conventional" definitions of electricity and magnetism. One of the defining advances in quantum theory was Paul Dirac 's work on developing a relativistic quantum electromagnetism.

Before his formulation, the presence of electric charge was simply "inserted" into the equations of quantum mechanics QM , but in Dirac showed that a discrete charge naturally "falls out" of QM. That is to say, we can maintain the form of Maxwell's equations and still have magnetic charges. Consider a system consisting of a single stationary electric monopole an electron, say and a single stationary magnetic monopole. Classically, the electromagnetic field surrounding them has a momentum density given by the Poynting vector , and it also has a total angular momentum , which is proportional to the product q e q m , and independent of the distance between them. This means that if even a single magnetic monopole existed in the universe, and the form of Maxwell's equations is valid, all electric charges would then be quantized.

What are the units in which magnetic charge would be quantized? Although it would be possible simply to integrate over all space to find the total angular momentum in the above example, Dirac took a different approach. This led him to new ideas. However, the vector potential cannot be defined globally precisely because the divergence of the magnetic field is proportional to the Dirac delta function at the origin. The wave function of an electrically charged particle a "probe charge" that orbits the "equator" generally changes by a phase, much like in the Aharonov—Bohm effect.

This phase is proportional to the electric charge q e of the probe, as well as to the magnetic charge q m of the source. Dirac was originally considering an electron whose wave function is described by the Dirac equation. This is known as the Dirac quantization condition. The hypothetical existence of a magnetic monopole would imply that the electric charge must be quantized in certain units; also, the existence of the electric charges implies that the magnetic charges of the hypothetical magnetic monopoles, if they exist, must be quantized in units inversely proportional to the elementary electric charge.

At the time it was not clear if such a thing existed, or even had to. After all, another theory could come along that would explain charge quantization without need for the monopole. The concept remained something of a curiosity. However, in the time since the publication of this seminal work, no other widely accepted explanation of charge quantization has appeared. The concept of local gauge invariance—see Gauge theory —provides a natural explanation of charge quantization, without invoking the need for magnetic monopoles; but only if the U 1 gauge group is compact, in which case we have magnetic monopoles anyway. If we maximally extend the definition of the vector potential for the southern hemisphere, it is defined everywhere except for a semi-infinite line stretched from the origin in the direction towards the northern pole.

This semi-infinite line is called the Dirac string and its effect on the wave function is analogous to the effect of the solenoid in the Aharonov—Bohm effect. The quantization condition comes from the requirement that the phases around the Dirac string are trivial, which means that the Dirac string must be unphysical. The Dirac string is merely an artifact of the coordinate chart used and should not be taken seriously. The Dirac monopole is a singular solution of Maxwell's equation because it requires removing the worldline from spacetime ; in more complicated theories, it is superseded by a smooth solution such as the 't Hooft—Polyakov monopole.

A gauge theory like electromagnetism is defined by a gauge field, which associates a group element to each path in space time. For infinitesimal paths, the group element is close to the identity, while for longer paths the group element is the successive product of the infinitesimal group elements along the way. In electrodynamics, the group is U 1 , unit complex numbers under multiplication. The map from paths to group elements is called the Wilson loop or the holonomy , and for a U 1 gauge group it is the phase factor which the wavefunction of a charged particle acquires as it traverses the path. For a loop:. So that the phase a charged particle gets when going in a loop is the magnetic flux through the loop. When a small solenoid has a magnetic flux, there are interference fringes for charged particles which go around the solenoid, or around different sides of the solenoid, which reveal its presence.

Such a solenoid, if thin enough, is quantum-mechanically invisible. Dirac's monopole solution in fact describes an infinitesimal line solenoid ending at a point, and the location of the solenoid is the singular part of the solution, the Dirac string. Dirac strings link monopoles and antimonopoles of opposite magnetic charge, although in Dirac's version, the string just goes off to infinity. The string is unobservable, so you can put it anywhere, and by using two coordinate patches, the field in each patch can be made nonsingular by sliding the string to where it cannot be seen.

Such a U 1 gauge group is called compact. Any U 1 that comes from a grand unified theory is compact — because only compact higher gauge groups make sense. The size of the gauge group is a measure of the inverse coupling constant, so that in the limit of a large-volume gauge group, the interaction of any fixed representation goes to zero. The case of the U 1 gauge group is a special case because all its irreducible representations are of the same size — the charge is bigger by an integer amount, but the field is still just a complex number — so that in U 1 gauge field theory it is possible to take the decompactified limit with no contradiction.

The quantum of charge becomes small, but each charged particle has a huge number of charge quanta so its charge stays finite. In a non-compact U 1 gauge group theory, the charges of particles are generically not integer multiples of a single unit. Since charge quantization is an experimental certainty, it is clear that the U 1 gauge group of electromagnetism is compact. GUTs lead to compact U 1 gauge groups, so they explain charge quantization in a way that seems logically independent from magnetic monopoles.

However, the explanation is essentially the same, because in any GUT that breaks down into a U 1 gauge group at long distances, there are magnetic monopoles. Hence, the Dirac monopole is a topological defect in a compact U 1 gauge theory. When there is no GUT, the defect is a singularity — the core shrinks to a point. But when there is some sort of short-distance regulator on space time, the monopoles have a finite mass. Monopoles occur in lattice U 1 , and there the core size is the lattice size.

In general, they are expected to occur whenever there is a short-distance regulator. In the universe, quantum gravity provides the regulator. When gravity is included, the monopole singularity can be a black hole, and for large magnetic charge and mass, the black hole mass is equal to the black hole charge, so that the mass of the magnetic black hole is not infinite. If the black hole can decay completely by Hawking radiation , the lightest charged particles cannot be too heavy.

So in a consistent holographic theory, of which string theory is the only known example, there are always finite-mass monopoles. For ordinary electromagnetism, the upper mass bound is not very useful because it is about same size as the Planck mass. In mathematics, a classical gauge field is defined as a connection over a principal G-bundle over spacetime. G is the gauge group, and it acts on each fiber of the bundle separately. A connection on a G -bundle tells you how to glue fibers together at nearby points of M. It starts with a continuous symmetry group G that acts on the fiber F , and then it associates a group element with each infinitesimal path.

Group multiplication along any path tells you how to move from one point on the bundle to another, by having the G element associated to a path act on the fiber F. In mathematics, the definition of bundle is designed to emphasize topology, so the notion of connection is added on as an afterthought. In physics, the connection is the fundamental physical object. One of the fundamental observations in the theory of characteristic classes in algebraic topology is that many homotopical structures of nontrivial principal bundles may be expressed as an integral of some polynomial over any connection over it. Note that a connection over a trivial bundle can never give us a nontrivial principal bundle. But consider what happens when we remove a timelike worldline from spacetime.

The resulting spacetime is homotopically equivalent to the topological sphere S 2. So a topological classification of the possible connections is reduced to classifying the transition functions. The transition function maps the strip to G , and the different ways of mapping a strip into G are given by the first homotopy group of G. So in the G -bundle formulation, a gauge theory admits Dirac monopoles provided G is not simply connected , whenever there are paths that go around the group that cannot be deformed to a constant path a path whose image consists of a single point. The mathematical definition is equivalent to the physics definition provided that—following Dirac—gauge fields are allowed that are defined only patch-wise, and the gauge field on different patches are glued after a gauge transformation.

The total magnetic flux is none other than the first Chern number of the principal bundle, and depends only upon the choice of the principal bundle, and not the specific connection over it. In other words, it is a topological invariant. This argument for monopoles is a restatement of the lasso argument for a pure U 1 theory. In more recent years, a new class of theories has also suggested the existence of magnetic monopoles. During the early s, the successes of quantum field theory and gauge theory in the development of electroweak theory and the mathematics of the strong nuclear force led many theorists to move on to attempt to combine them in a single theory known as a Grand Unified Theory GUT.

Several GUTs were proposed, most of which implied the presence of a real magnetic monopole particle. More accurately, GUTs predicted a range of particles known as dyons , of which the most basic state was a monopole. The charge on magnetic monopoles predicted by GUTs is either 1 or 2 gD , depending on the theory. The majority of particles appearing in any quantum field theory are unstable, and they decay into other particles in a variety of reactions that must satisfy various conservation laws. Stable particles are stable because there are no lighter particles into which they can decay and still satisfy the conservation laws. For instance, the electron has a lepton number of one and an electric charge of one, and there are no lighter particles that conserve these values.

On the other hand, the muon , essentially a heavy electron, can decay into the electron plus two quanta of energy, and hence it is not stable. The dyons in these GUTs are also stable, but for an entirely different reason. The dyons are expected to exist as a side effect of the "freezing out" of the conditions of the early universe, or a symmetry breaking. In this scenario, the dyons arise due to the configuration of the vacuum in a particular area of the universe, according to the original Dirac theory. They remain stable not because of a conservation condition, but because there is no simpler topological state into which they can decay. The length scale over which this special vacuum configuration exists is called the correlation length of the system.

A correlation length cannot be larger than causality would allow, therefore the correlation length for making magnetic monopoles must be at least as big as the horizon size determined by the metric of the expanding universe. According to that logic, there should be at least one magnetic monopole per horizon volume as it was when the symmetry breaking took place. Cosmological models of the events following the Big Bang make predictions about what the horizon volume was, which lead to predictions about present-day monopole density.

Early models predicted an enormous density of monopoles, in clear contradiction to the experimental evidence. Its widely accepted resolution was not a change in the particle-physics prediction of monopoles, but rather in the cosmological models used to infer their present-day density. Specifically, more recent theories of cosmic inflation drastically reduce the predicted number of magnetic monopoles, to a density small enough to make it unsurprising that humans have never seen one. However, of course, it is only a noteworthy success if the particle-physics monopole prediction is correct.

Many of the other particles predicted by these GUTs were beyond the abilities of current experiments to detect. For instance, a wide class of particles known as the X and Y bosons are predicted to mediate the coupling of the electroweak and strong forces, but these particles are extremely heavy and well beyond the capabilities of any reasonable particle accelerator to create. Experimental searches for magnetic monopoles can be placed in one of two categories: those that try to detect preexisting magnetic monopoles and those that try to create and detect new magnetic monopoles. Passing a magnetic monopole through a coil of wire induces a net current in the coil. This is not the case for a magnetic dipole or higher order magnetic pole, for which the net induced current is zero, and hence the effect can be used as an unambiguous test for the presence of magnetic monopoles.

In a wire with finite resistance, the induced current quickly dissipates its energy as heat, but in a superconducting loop the induced current is long-lived. By using a highly sensitive "superconducting quantum interference device" SQUID one can, in principle, detect even a single magnetic monopole. According to standard inflationary cosmology, magnetic monopoles produced before inflation would have been diluted to an extremely low density today. Magnetic monopoles may also have been produced thermally after inflation, during the period of reheating.

However, the current bounds on the reheating temperature span 18 orders of magnitude and as a consequence the density of magnetic monopoles today is not well constrained by theory. There have been many searches for preexisting magnetic monopoles. Although there has been one tantalizing event recorded, by Blas Cabrera Navarro on the night of February 14, thus, sometimes referred to as the " Valentine's Day Monopole" [36] , there has never been reproducible evidence for the existence of magnetic monopoles.

Another experiment in resulted in the announcement of the detection of a moving magnetic monopole in cosmic rays by the team led by P. Buford Price. May perform basic maintenance checks on laboratory equipment. Demonstrates awareness and complies with accrediting agency and regulatory requirements related to their area of responsibility Performs specimen collection and patient preparation, ensuring correct patient and specimen identification and specimen integrity by using appropriate techniques as required. Initiates computer generated reports as required for patient reporting and quality assurance monitoring. Completes documents legibly and accurately per site protocol. Maintains familiarity with departmental procedures.

Uses appropriate documentation to record communications Maintains laboratory equipment. Performs other technical support functions as determined by the department. Trouble shoots routine problems within their area of responsibility Assists with inventory management and ordering of supplies. Recognizes and provides input towards opportunities for improvements in financial performance, to decrease costs, improve productivity, and improve service May perform assigned patient testing, including, but not limited, to EEG, EKG, spirometry and pulse oximetry. May perform collections for drug and alcohol screening, following chain of custody protocols May be assigned daily oversight of staff workflow, operations, financial activities, and safety and policy standards.

Receives laboratory specimens into the laboratory information system High school diploma or equivalent preferred Must have 3 years of experience as Laboratory Assistant experience Proficient using computers strongly preferred. Processes specimens for the section; prepares blood smears and body fluid slides, centrifuges specimens, streaks microbiology plates, prepares specimens for transport to reference labs Understands laboratory methods, demonstrates knowledge of pathological processes with correlation of disease states and test results.

Independently performs specimen processing and testing to include moderate complexity testing Sets up instruments and performs basic equipment maintenance. Participate in field work, collecting data from American Indian tribal representatives Transcribe taped interviews onto computer files Draft sections of technical reports Excellent interview skills, oral and written communication skills, and organizational skills Experience with Microsoft office, spreadsheets, graphing and statistical software Ability to work independently and perform repetitive tasks in a research setting Experience or coursework in American Indian Studies preferred.

Report problems to supervisor or other appropriate management staff. Document and follow-through on non-conformance issues deviations, events, etc. Trouble-shoot and implement corrective action Enforce and comply with all designated safety policies and procedures in the work area, including the use of applicable protective equipment when necessary to prevent exposure to potentially infectious agents Maintain accurate, complete and legible records. Identify discrepancies and verify documentation performed by other sample management staff. Review documentation for accuracy and completeness High school diploma or equivalent education required. Education beyond high school preferred. Normal color perception required.

High school diploma or equivalent education required Manual dexterity necessary May lift or carry up to 50 pounds occasionally Laboratory environment with high safety or health considerations May require the ability to tolerate temperatures 2 - 8 degrees Celsius approximately 36 - 46 degrees Fahrenheit for short periods of time in suitable cold temperature clothing provided. Able to work in a fast paced production environment to meet established turnaround times One year health related work experience, a medical certification or college level courses in laboratory science or science background preferred Mixing of chemicals in preparation for laboratory processing Prepare and scan documents Maintain clean glassware Follow all Standard Operating Procedures including safety and quality standards.

Responsible for feeding, watering and general health observations of animals in rooms as assigned Responsible for general facility upkeep and routine sanitization Operation of cage washers and autoclaves Maintenance of accurate documentation of work completed and animal related observations Administration of prescribed medications under direction of the Veterinarian or Veterinary Technician Transport of supplies and equipment between facilities Weekend and holiday work is required on a rotating schedule. Responsible for own work, ensuring quality and meeting deadline Responsible for assessing problems or issues that should be brought to the attention of the supervisor or manager Coaches and trains peers where appropriate Essential: A.

HS diploma plus 3 or more years experience working with laboratory animals. Help with all aspects of a study to identify key habitat features of southwestern willow flycatchers and other birds in riparian areas of the southwestern U. S Possess US Fish and Widlife Service USFWS permit for surveying southwestern willow flycatchers or attended USFWS workshop on ecology and methods to survey southwestern willow flycatchers Strong work ethic, integrity, and proven ability to follow strict survey protocols Strong communication skills and ability to work independently and as part of a small team. Required to input and check data, and prepare and present weekly, monthly and annual reports In conjunction with the Project Leader, develops and prepares materials necessary for the implementation of research protocols including study design, data collection systems, and methods, etc Responsible for study specific equipment and for assisting Project Leader in testing, setting up, and training other staff on study equipment.

Perform biomedical experiments under supervision Collect and analyze research data Prepare lab notes, presentations, or written reports Assist in lab supply order and organization Statistical analysis experience with R studio software. Assists with laboratory duties e. Phonetic transcription of Spanish and Spanish-influenced English Performs intra- and inter-rater reliability checks Knowledge in phonetic transcription using the International Phonetic Alphabet IPA Previous experience with phonetic transcription of Spanish and Spanish-influenced English Fluency in Spanish written and verbal.

Completes accession and registers specimens for processing and testing Makes up solutions, reagents and supplies as assigned Assists pathologists and pathology assistants in the setup, preparation, and log-in of specimens for analysis and frozen sections Operates all necessary equipment in designated laboratory, understands limitations of products and equipment; reports problems to leadership or lead technologist Answers phone and uses paging system Consults with leader or technologist to obtain clarification of technical detail or procedure. Ability to develop testing protocols through experimentation Ability to communicate effectively in both written and oral forms Ability to gather and review resources and select and synthesize data for reports and other written materials Excellent analytical skills with the ability to make sound suggestions or recommendations.

Perform experiments Perform quantitative and statistical analysis Prepare concise data reports. Working knowledge of medical terminology is desirable. Previous experience in health related field preferred Effective Communication Skills Detail oriented; able to work with minimal supervision Ability to effectively function in stressful situations and perform multiple tasks Ability to work a flexible schedule, as needed. Decontaminate glassware from research laboratories Clean, bake and distribute glass pipets into cans Decontaminate bags of laboratory research waste Sterilize glassware from research laboratories Wash glassware from research laboratories Wash and sterilize test tubes from research laboratories And return clean dishes on carts to individual laboratories and pick up dirty glassware simultaneously Help to maintain stock supplies and relay supply needs to the Lead Lab Assistant Report quality control issues to direct supervisor Report equipment problems to Physical Plant Maintain biological monitoring reports on autoclaves.

Frequent standing , walking, lifting, grasping and repetitive motion. Lifting up to 50 pounds. Assist the Analytical Lab Manager is overseeing testing services, analytical equipment, processes and people management for chemistry, food, and residue testing within an ISO environment Assist in driving the overall strategy for the chemistry, residue and DNA testing labs at SGS Brookings Train as successor to the Analytical Lab Manager This is a full time position located in Brookings, SD Supervise, train, develop and evaluate Analytical Lab staff.

Focus will be within chemistry, residue and DNA testing of agricultural commodities, and liaison with food laboratory as needed Implement routine methods for crop, feed and ingredient testing. Assists with receiving, identifying, accessioning, processing, transporting and storing specimens Operates and maintains laboratory equipment to support lab procedures, including temperature recording and monitoring Prepares solutions, reagents, media, collection and shipping packages Maintains adequate stock of supplies and manages the inventory by transporting and distributing supplies.

Receive and prepare donor samples and documentation for testing. Determine whether a clarify case is necessary and proceed accordingly Perform and assist with the reagent inventory control process. Ensure adequate inventory of required supplies for department and area. Properly perform and document required preventative maintenance on lab equipment Demonstrate knowledge in all procedures performed in the assigned department. Technical skills and aptitudes related to the laboratory procedures or processes performed in department or work area assigned Able to effectively communicate verbally and in written form in English with patients, staff, and customers of varied backgrounds in a respectful, effective, and professional manner Ability to read text and numbers in English, with demonstrated ability to comprehend, measure, reason, match, problem solve, and exercise judgment under supervision.

Draws and collects blood samples. Pediatric phlebotomy experience preferred. Keyboarding and data entry experience preferred. Collects blood specimens using age-appropriate techniques; Venipuncture and Capillary puncture. Knowledgeable in collection of other specimen types, i. Able to collect selected cultures. Functions as lab clerk Responsible for Pre-analytical aspects for lab functions. Forwards specimens to reference labs for testing. Check inventory of supplies, stock shelves and maintain order in the stockroom Ability to run tests according to a provided experimental protocol with minimal supervision Familiarity with the scientific method is preferred Ability to observe and document experimental results is required.

Assists in performing tests using general laboratory equipment. Performs routine care of designated test equipment and work area. Develops knowledge of applicable test requirements, wiring diagrams, schematics, blueprints and operational instructions Operates designated laboratory equipment and tools as directed Receives instructions and reports data to supervisor and personnel in engineering and laboratory operations as needed. May assist with coordinating and conducting blood drives, including interviewing and screening donors Answers telephone calls, performs computer print reports and provides test results, as applicable Keyboarding and data entry experience preferred.

Six months previous job related experience preferred. Packages and ships specimens in compliance with all applicable regulations. Monitor status of lab orders and tracks specimens by pending logs and reports Faxes requested reports and information. Maintains patient information files as required by State and Federal regulations Communicates with physicians, nurses and other hospital staff and clients to obtain required clinical information necessary to complete testing and maintain compliance. Troubleshoots handling or saving specimens with lack of information on requisition, unclear test orders, missing specimens, and any other situation which requires additional investigation.

May interacts with the couriers and clients regarding Stat specimens and those requiring special handling Assists with procedural changes for necessary updates to laboratory manuals. Provides instruction to new associates and maintains and records training on appropriate checklists. Participate in interdepartmental, hospital and departmental committees as appropriate Required: No experience at date of hire. Preferred: Recent experience in hospital or clinical laboratory setting functioning in a job title encompassing preparation of patient samples for diagnostic testing at date of hire.

Executes laboratory procedures while complying with Good Clinical Practice, regulatory and protocol requirements Records samples and other laboratory data and maintains source documentation according to Good Documentation Practices Maintains knowledge of research protocols and attends education sessions provided to research staff involved in conducting trial procedures Assists with inventory, order and stocking of laboratory supplies and study specific test kits Maintains the cleanliness and organization of the clinical research laboratory Knows, understands and follows teammate guidelines, employment policies and department or company procedures Other duties as assigned Minimum high school diploma or equivalent required Ability to work an evening shift with a weekend rotation.

Obtains blood specimens from patients by venipuncture, or by finger prick Confirms patient identification prior to obtaining specimens and labels specimens accordingly Explains procedures to patients and allays apprehensions prior to obtaining specimens Monitors computer equipment to ensure it is operating properly and loads printer with paper as required. It is not to be construed as an exhaustive statement of duties, responsibilities or qualifications for the people so classified, nor is it intended to limit or modify in any way, the right of any supervisor to assign, direct, and control the work of employees under their supervision.

Minimum of 2 years clinical laboratory experience required, including but not limited to customer service, specimen processing, and laboratory assisting in a hospital or reference laboratory setting Demonstrated proficiency in computer skills, such as word processing, data analysis and laboratory information systems Strong understanding of good laboratory practices and regulatory compliance. Maintains work area in a safe, aseptic and organized manner Performs clerical duties which may include but are not limited to answering phones, data entry, and filing Performs analysis of patient samples under the leadership of designated staff as assigned.

Performs special procedures such as difficult venipunctures, Micro plate set ups, preparation of reference lab samples, etc Performs and coordinates clerical tasks around outpatient paperwork filing and billing needs. Documents QA around accuracy of outpatient orders Coordinates activities related to duties and responsibilities of other Clinical Lab Assistants.

Communicates problems and needs to the supervisor. Chemical synthesis of NIR fluorophores and their purification Bioconjugation of optical probes to protein and antibody Development of novel optical and magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents Small animal imaging experiments including biodistribution and pharmacokinetics Assist in research projects by setting up and operating various scientific apparatus; prepare and maintain culture media, reagents, and experimental animals; culture cancer cells; perform various assays; separate and purify various materials and substances; perform library research; prepare compounds; and interpret experimental test data Chemistry or pharmaceutics background required Requires advanced skills with Microsoft applications, which may include Outlook, Word, Excel, PowerPoint or Access, and other web-based applications.

May produce complex documents, perform analysis and maintain databases HS Diploma required. Minimum of a high school diploma or GED. Associates degree or Bachelor's degree in a clinical science is preferred Minimum of 3 -5 years experience working in a clinical laboratory environment Experience in the workflow in a clinical laboratory with basic knowledge and understanding of laboratory specimen processing and testing Has experience, or is capable of, performing and reporting waived testing, as defined by CLIA regulations Has experience, or is capable of, performing preventive maintenance, minor repairs and troubleshooting of lab automation equipment Demonstrated technical competency using hospital computer systems such as Microsoft Office, patient registration systems e.

Sunquest Excellent English communication skills oral and written and interpersonal skills are required to communicate effectively with internal and external contacts in a courteous and customer service manner Excellent analytical and critical thinking skills; strong attention to detail, organizational ability and follow-through. Adheres to all safety protocols, including but not limited to, equipment maintenance , infection control, universal precautions and use of personal protective equipment as needed for all patient-care procedures. Performs general clerical duties including faxing, copying and filing. In addition, maintains current standing orders and notifies physicians when standing orders expire. Laboratory experience Phlebotomy experience Medical Terminology.

Conduct laboratory operations in a safe and responsible manner. Maintain familiarity with the Chemical Hygiene Plan. Exhibit safety awareness and safe work practices Follow responsible actions regarding chemical disposal. Maintain compliance with all regulations at the federal, state, and local levels Maintain the laboratory equipment in a clean, organized and orderly manner. Responsible for washing, cleaning, drying, and putting away all chemistry glassware in pre-assigned locations as directed by the scientific staff Keep laboratory clean and organized, with particular emphasis to visits from customers and other guests.

Assists with receiving, identifying, accessioning, processing and transporting specimens Maintains equipment and adequate stock of supplies Performs special procedures such as difficult venipunctures, Micro plate set ups, preparation of reference lab samples, etc Documents QA around accuracy of outpatient orders Coordinates activities related to duties and responsibilities of other Clinical Lab Assistants.

Demonstrate a willingness to help new employees obtain skills Demonstrates knowledge of established department policies for infection control and personal safety precautions Performs certain Waived laboratory tests with proper training and under supervision Assists with office duties such as OP orders, answering phone, faxing, and filing. Prior experience working in a laboratory setting performing set up of microbiological specimens None Skill in depth perception, manual dexterity and tactile response Ability to work effectively with physicians, nurses, ward clerks, and co-workers in a knowledgeable, patient, helpful and firm manner Ability to organize workload and set priorities Detailed oriented computer skills necessary to process patient samples accurately and timely At least 1 year Prior Microbiology setup experience preferred Experience working with laboratory based information systems.

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