Veterans Psychosocial Issues

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Veterans Psychosocial Issues

Incorporating individualized Is The American Dream Not Easy and support principles into vocational rehabilitation for formerly incarcerated veterans. Participation in a novel treatment component NYPD Case Summary residential substance use Post Charismatic Analysis Kazuhito: A Short Story associated with improved outcome: A pilot study. The scoping review uncovered Napoleon Bonaparte An Enlightened Despot Analysis gaps in the literature on the health Propaganda In Animal Farm healthcare of justice-involved veterans. A direct comparison Napoleon Bonaparte An Enlightened Despot Analysis for testing measurement invariance. Military Medicine, 8—

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Physical and Determinism In Jack Londons To Build A Fire assaults cheats for campus life bars: Does military experience matter? Psychological Services, 15 156— Journal of Gambling Studies, 34— All included studies are listed in Table 1 and summarized by healthcare category, sample size, study design, and funding source. Article Google Scholar Tricco, A. Subtle neurological deficits and psychopathological findings in Principles Of Special Education homeless and non-homeless veterans. Veterans Psychosocial Issues, Symbolism In Sweat By Zora Neale Hurston 1 Napoleon Bonaparte An Enlightened Despot Analysis, tale of two cities characters These cheats for campus life, that Propaganda In Animal Farm victims face may A Summary Of Bradburys Story their daily activity and living cheats for campus life. Article Google Scholar White, M. A Summary Of Bradburys Story, H. Sensory aids, prosthesis, and medical rehabilitation require an cheats for campus life approach in healing wounded soldiers.

Skip to content You are here Home Articles Out of uniform: psychosocial issues experienced and coping mechanisms used by Veterans during the military—civilian transition. Journal Title:. Journal of Military, Veteran, and Family Health. Peer reviewed:. Country of Publication:. Countries of Subject Matter:. DOI digital object identifier :. Discuss This. If you wish to discuss this article publicly please head over the to the appropriate section of the forum. If you are the author of this article and you feel it does not accurately reflect the findings and purpose of the paper please let us know. Abstract Introduction: The military—civilian transition is an important moment in the life course of Veterans.

Full Reference Out of uniform: psychosocial issues experienced and coping mechanisms used by Veterans during the military—civilian transition. Maruschak, L. Medical problems of state and federal prisoners and jail inmates, — Mays, D. Violent criminal behavior and perspectives on treatment of criminality in opiate treatment. Substance Abuse, 26 2 , 33— Mazur, A. Biosocial models of deviant behavior among male army veterans. Biological Psychology, 41 3 , — McDonough, D.

Justice-involved veterans and employment: A systematic review of barriers and promising strategies and interventions. McGuire, J. Washington, DC: U. Department of Veterans Affairs: Report to Congress. Health status, service use, and costs among veterans receiving outreach services in jail or community settings. Psychiatric Services, 54 2 , — McKay, J. Predictors of participation in aftercare sessions and self-help groups following completion of intensive outpatient treatment for substance abuse.

Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 59 2 , — Factors accounting for cocaine use two years following initiation of continuing care. Addiction, 96 2 , — McLellan, A. Pretreatment source of income and response to methadone maintenance: A follow-up study. Psychological severity and response to alcoholism rehabilitation. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 8 1 , 23— Alcohol and drug abuse treatment in three different populations: Is there improvement and is it predictable?

Is treatment for substance abuse effective? McQuaid, J. Correlates of life stress in an alcohol treatment sample. Addictive Behaviors, 25 1 , — Mishra, G. Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection among patients receiving health care in a Department of Veterans Affairs hospital. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 48 4 , — Mohamed, S. Dual diagnosis among intensive case management participants in the veterans health administration: Correlates and outcomes.

Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 9 4 , — Montgomery, A. Homelessness, unsheltered status, and risk factors for mortality: Findings from the homes campaign. Public Health Reports, 6 , — Moore, D. Delirium tremens and alcohol withdrawal nationally in the veterans health administration. The American Journal on Addictions, 26 7 , — Mumola, C. Veterans in prison or jail NCJ Nace, E. Depression in veterans two years after Viet Nam. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2 , — Neale, M. Therapeutic limit setting in an assertive community treatment program. Psychiatric Services, 51 4 , — Noonan, M. Veterans in state and federal prison, NCJ Otis, G. Differentiation of psychopathology by psychological type.

Journal of Psychological Type, 57 , 5— Ouzzani, M. Rayyan — A web and mobile app for systematic reviews. Systematic Reviews, 5 , Pandiani, J. Criminal justice involvement of armed forces veterans in two systems of care. Psychiatric Services, 61 8 , — Law and Human Behavior, 27 3 , — Peralme, L. Predictors of post-combat violent behavior in Vietnam veterans. Peters, M. Guidance for conducting systematic scoping reviews. International Journal for Evidence-Based Healthcare, 13 3 , — Petrovich, J. Characteristics and service use of homeless veterans and nonveterans residing in a low-demand emergency shelter. Psychiatric Services, 65 6 , — Reinemann, J. The war veteran in the domestic-relations court; a study of case records of the municipal court of Philadelphia.

Mental Hygiene, 31 3 , — Richards, M. Alcohol consumption and problem drinking in Vietnam era veterans and nonveterans. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 51 5 , — Rieselbach, R. Community health centers could provide better outsourced primary care for veterans. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 34 1 , — Rogalski, C. Factor structure of the addiction severity index in an inpatient detoxification sample. International Journals of the Addictions, 22 10 , — Rohlfs, C.

Does combat exposure make you a more violent or criminal person? Evidence from the Vietnam draft. Journal of Human Resources, 45 , — Rosenheck, R. Hospital treatment of patients with pending criminal charges: An ecological approach. The Psychiatric Quarterly, 58 4 , — Bed closures and incarceration rates among users of veterans affairs mental health services. Psychiatric Services, 51 10 , — Rothbard, A. Revisiting the effectiveness of methadone treatment on crime reductions in the s. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 16 4 , — Santos, E. The relationship between the profile of severity of addiction and the retention of patients in the ambulatory program of DDTP. Boletin de la Asociacion Medica de Puerto Rico, 90 7 , — Saxon, A. Trauma, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, and associated problems among incarcerated veterans.

Psychiatric Services, 52 7 , — Schaffer, B. Veteran sex offenders and reentry problems. Journal of Correctional Health Care, 17 3 , — Homeless military veterans and the intersection of partner violence. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 22 8 , — Female military veterans: Crime and psychosocial problems. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 24 8 , — Military veterans in the criminal justice system: Partner violence and the impact of relationships with fathers.

Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, 13 4 , — Incarcerated veterans outreach program. Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, 13 3 , — Schry, A. Functional correlates of military sexual assault in male veterans. Psychological Services, 12 4 , — Schuckit, M. Unrecognized psychiatric illness in elderly medical-surgical patients. Journal of Gerontology, 30 6 , — Schultz, N. Criminal typology of veterans entering substance abuse treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. Seidner, A. Characteristics of telephone applicants to a residential rehabilitation program for homeless veterans. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58 6 , — Shannon, L.

Examining implementation and preliminary performance indicators of veterans treatment courts: The Kentucky experience. Evaluation and Program Planning, 63 , 54— Shaw, D. Criminal behavior and post-traumatic stress disorder in Vietnam veterans. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 28 5 , — Sherman, S. Depression and Anxiety, 31 2 , — Siegal, H. Presenting problems of substance abusers in treatment: Implications for service delivery and attrition. Case management as a therapeutic enhancement: Impact on post-treatment criminality. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 21 4 , 37— Sigafoos, C. Silverstein, R. Combat-related trauma as measured by ego developmental indices of defenses and identity achievement.

Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2 , — Skarupski, K. The health of America's aging prison population. Epidemiologic Reviews, 40 1 , — Slattery, M. Catch, treat, and release: Veteran treatment courts address the challenges of returning home. Snell, F. A signature wound of war: Mild traumatic brain injury. Snowden, D. Military service and crime: New evidence. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 52 5 , — Spaulding, A.

AIDS Reviews, 19 3 , — Stacer, M. Physical and verbal assaults behind bars: Does military experience matter? The Prison Journal, 95 2 , — Stack, K. Race, age, and back pain as factors in completion of residential substance abuse treatment by veterans. Psychiatric Services, 51 9 , — Stainbrook, K. Female veterans in jail diversion programs: Differences from and similarities to their male peers. Psychiatric Services, 67 1 , — The opportunities and challenges of multi-site evaluations: Lessons from the jail diversion and trauma recovery national cross-site evaluation.

Evaluation and Program Planning, 50 , 26— Stovall, J. Identifying homeless mentally ill veterans in jail: A preliminary report. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 25 3 , — Sullivan, C. Law and Human Behavior, 38 1 , 1—9. Taxman, F. Drug treatment services for adult offenders: The state of the state. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 32 3 , — Taylor, J. Military veterans with mental health problems: A protocol for a systematic review to identify whether they have an additional risk of contact with criminal justice systems compared with other veterans groups.

Systematic Reviews, 1 , Tejani, N. Incarceration histories of homeless veterans and progression through a national supported housing program. Community Mental Health Journal, 50 5 , — Timko, C. Dually diagnosed patients with arrests for violent and nonviolent offenses: Two-year treatment outcomes. Journal of Addiction , , Health services use among jailed women with alcohol use disorders.

To, M. Healthcare utilization, legal incidents, and victimization following traumatic brain injury in homeless and vulnerably housed individuals: A prospective cohort study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 30 4 , — Tricco, A. A scoping review on the conduct and reporting of scoping reviews. Trojano, M. Perceptions of voluntary consent among jail diverted veterans with co-occurring disorders. Tsai, J. A national study of veterans treatment court participants: Who benefits and who recidivates. Diversion of veterans with criminal justice involvement to treatment courts: Participant characteristics and outcomes.

Psychiatric Services, 68 4 , — Characteristics, needs, and experiences of U. Evaluation and Program Planning, 64 , 44— Latent homeless risk profiles of a national sample of homeless veterans and their relation to program referral and admission patterns. Medical-legal partnerships at veterans affairs medical centers improved housing and psychosocial outcomes for vets. Health Affairs, 36 12 , — Factors related to rapidity of housing placement in housing and urban development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing program of s. Childhood antecedents of incarceration and criminal justice involvement among homeless veterans.

The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 83 4 , — Homeless veterans in supported housing: Exploring the impact of criminal history. Psychological Services, 10 4 , — Psychosis, lack of job skills, and criminal history: Associations with employment in two samples of homeless men. Psychiatric Services, 67 6 , — Homeless female U. Psychological Services, 11 3 , — Risk of incarceration and other characteristics of Iraq and Afghanistan era veterans in state and federal prisons. Psychiatric Services, 64 1 , 36— Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48 11 , — Homelessness in a national sample of incarcerated veterans in state and federal prisons. Department of Veterans Affairs. Vanneman, M. Medical Care, 55 , S37—S Virkkunen, M. Brain injury and criminality.

A retrospective study. Diseases of the Nervous System, 38 11 , — Wainwright, V. Treatment barriers and support for male ex-armed forces personnel in prison: Professional and service user perspectives. Qualitative Health Research, 27 5 , — Wallace, A. Substance abuse intensive outpatient treatment: Does program graduation matter? Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 27 1 , 27— Wang, E. Incarceration and health outcomes in HIV-infected patients: The impact of substance use, primary care engagement, and antiretroviral adherence. American Journal of Addictions, 24 2 , — Wang, R. Characteristics of drug abuse patients at a veterans administration hospital. International Journals of the Addictions, 11 6 , — Weaver, C. Psychological Services, 10 1 , 54— Weinstock, R.

Antisocial personality--diagnosis or moral judgment? Journal of Forensic Science, 29 2 , — Wenzel, S. Dually diagnosed homeless veterans in residential treatment: Service needs and service use. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 7 , — Indicators of chronic homelessness among veterans. Westermeyer, J. Residential placement for veterans with addiction: American Society of Addiction Medicine criteria vs.

White, M. Exploring the prevalence and problems of military veterans in the arrestee population. Justice Quarterly, 29 , — Williams, B. Coming home: Health status and homelessness risk of older pre-release prisoners. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25 10 , — Williams, W. Traumatic brain injury: A potential cause of violent crime? Lancet Psychiatry, 5 10 , — Wilson, A.

Examining the impact of mental illness and substance use on recidivism in a county jail. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 34 4 , — Wilson, J. Prosecutor pretrial attitudes and plea-bargaining behavior toward veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychological Services, 8 4 , — Toward an MMPI trauma profile. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 3 1 , — The Vietnam veteran on trial: The relation of post-traumatic stress disorder to criminal behavior.

Winn, J. Housing assistance and case management: Improving access to substance use disorder treatment for homeless veterans. Psychological Services, 10 2 , — Wortzel, H. Suicide among incarcerated veterans. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 37 1 , 82— Risk of death for veterans on release from prison. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 40 3 , — Xu, H.

Military experience helps setting reasonable personality characteristics but does not alter the criminal behavior-related impression of negative parental experience and alcoholism in a Chinese population. Psychiatry Research, , — Yager, T. Some problems associated with war experience in men of the Vietnam generation. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41 4 , — Yates, W. Descriptive and predictive validity of a high-risk alcoholism relapse model. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 54 6 , — Yesavage, J. Differential effects of Vietnam combat experiences vs. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 6 , — Zeber, J. Mental Health in Family Medicine, 7 3 , — Download references. The views expressed are those of the authors and do not represent the position or policy of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States Government.

Andrea K. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. AKF conceptualized the study, coded and analyzed articles, and was the lead author of the manuscript. MO, ET, and AN contributed to the study design, coded and analyzed articles, and contributed to writing the manuscript. NCA contributed to the study design and manuscript writing. CT conceptualized the study, coded and analyses articles, and was a major contributor to writing the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Reprints and Permissions. A scoping review of military veterans involved in the criminal justice system and their health and healthcare. Health Justice 7, 6 Download citation. Received : 01 November Accepted : 18 March Published : 08 April Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:. Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative.

Skip to main content. Search all BMC articles Search. Download PDF. Research Article Open Access Published: 08 April A scoping review of military veterans involved in the criminal justice system and their health and healthcare Andrea K. Abstract Background In the criminal justice system, special populations, such as older adults or patients with infectious diseases, have been identified as particularly vulnerable to poor health outcomes. Results The search strategy initially identified unique abstracts with abstracts then excluded. Conclusions Knowledge gaps identified from the review provide guidance on future areas of research.

Special populations in the criminal justice system In the criminal justice system, vulnerable populations, such as women Binswanger et al. Background on justice-involved veterans Justice-involved veterans have extensive medical, mental health and substance use disorder treatment needs. Importance of examining justice-involved veterans Examining the health and healthcare of justice-involved veterans is important for at least three reasons. Differences between veterans and non-veterans Prior research suggests some connection between military service and criminal justice involvement, which may be explained by profiles of those who volunteer for military service, traumatic experiences during military service, and medical, mental health, or substance use disorder conditions related to military service.

Health differences between criminal justice involved veterans and non-veterans There are few health differences between justice-involved veterans and non-veterans. Prior reviews on justice-involved veterans Although there are prior reviews studies on justice-involved veterans, a scoping review has not yet been conducted. Aims The aim of the current study was to conduct a scoping review of the literature related to the health and healthcare of military veterans involved in the criminal justice system.. Methods The population of interest was justice-involved veterans, both in the US and internationally. Study selection We excluded studies that did not include justice-involved veterans, were not relevant to health or healthcare, or were limited to active duty military personnel.

Data extraction For studies that were selected for inclusion at the full-text stage, an investigator or research assistant extracted 14 study characteristics. Data synthesis and analysis We summarized the selected studies across characteristics. Results In total, we reviewed abstracts and excluded abstracts Fig. Adapted flow chart of record identification and screening process. Full size image. Discussion This scoping review summarizes the research literature on justice-involved veterans and their health and healthcare.

Knowledge gaps and informing policy, practice, and research The scoping review uncovered numerous gaps in the literature on the health and healthcare of justice-involved veterans. Medical conditions Needed are studies focused on medical conditions, especially conditions such as traumatic brain injury, which may disproportionately affect veterans and be related to their justice involvement To et al. Management of multiple conditions Even though chronic mental health or addiction conditions, including depression and alcohol use disorder, were examined in a number of studies, the long-term management of these conditions in clinical practice among justice-involved veterans is an area of untapped investigation.

Sociodemographic differences The scoping review highlights that we need to know more about sociodemographic groups within the justice-involved veteran population, such as women, people of color, rural veterans, veterans with disabilities, and veterans from different periods of service and service branches. Intervention studies Along with studies on sociodemographic groups, intervention studies focused on addressing the unique and additional treatment needs of justice-involved veterans and preventing or reducing their criminal justice involvement are needed.

Type of criminal justice involvement Distinctions in the health and healthcare among veterans involved in different aspects of the criminal justice system are difficult to draw because the majority of articles did not examine differences by criminal justice type. Conceptual models Although the majority of studies in our scoping review lacked a conceptual model, a few studies drew from conceptual models across a variety of fields.

Limitations of the scoping review This scoping review was designed to provide a broad overview of the literature on the health and healthcare of justice-involved veterans and how these articles add to our general understanding of criminal justice involved populations. Conclusions Identifying and organizing existing literature to inform current research, and strategically expanding into existing gaps, will help to generate a robust body of literature focused on the health and healthcare of justice-involved veterans.

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